Laws in Canada

This page summarizes the laws most relevant to illegal activity that groups or individuals may experience when targeted because of their spiritual or religious beliefs and/or practices. The laws are current as of November 21, 2016. They are presented by crime for Canada.

Defamation
Criminal Code of Canada – Defamatory Libel (Sections 297 – 298, and Sections 299 – 301)
Matter published that is likely to injure the reputation of any person by exposing him to hatred, contempt or ridicule, or that is designed to insult

Extortion
Criminal Code of Canada – 346
With intent to obtain anything, by threats, accusations, menaces or violence attempts or does induce someone to do anything or cause anything to be done.

Property Damage
Criminal Code – Section 430 – 1
Engage in mischief that involves damaging property or rendering it useless

Religious Discrimination
Criminal Code – Sections 430 – 4.1 Mischief Related to Religious Property
Commit mischief against a religious place of worship (e.g., vandalize a religious centre)

Criminal Code – Section 319 – Hate Propaganda
Incite hatred towards an identifiable group that will likely result in peace breach

Stalking and Harassment
Criminal Code – Criminal Harassment – 264 (1)
Engage in conduct that would lead to others feeling harassed and to fear for their own safety or the safety of another

Threat
Criminal Code – 264.1 (1)
Utter threats against the life, bodily harm, or property

Criminal Acts – Section 265 (1)
Threaten to apply force to another person

Threat to Kill
Criminal Code – 264.1 (1)
Utter threats against the life, bodily harm, or property