Laws in Canada

This page summarizes the laws most relevant to illegal activity that groups or individuals may experience when targeted because of their spiritual or religious beliefs and/or practices. The laws are current as of November 21, 2016. They are presented by crime for Canada.

Criminal Code of Canada – Defamatory Libel (Sections 297 – 298, and Sections 299 – 301)
Matter published that is likely to injure the reputation of any person by exposing him to hatred, contempt or ridicule, or that is designed to insult

Criminal Code of Canada – 346
With intent to obtain anything, by threats, accusations, menaces or violence attempts or does induce someone to do anything or cause anything to be done.

Property Damage
Criminal Code – Section 430 – 1
Engage in mischief that involves damaging property or rendering it useless

Religious Discrimination
Criminal Code – Sections 430 – 4.1 Mischief Related to Religious Property
Commit mischief against a religious place of worship (e.g., vandalize a religious centre)

Criminal Code – Section 319 – Hate Propaganda
Incite hatred towards an identifiable group that will likely result in peace breach

Stalking and Harassment
Criminal Code – Criminal Harassment – 264 (1)
Engage in conduct that would lead to others feeling harassed and to fear for their own safety or the safety of another

Criminal Code – 264.1 (1)
Utter threats against the life, bodily harm, or property

Criminal Acts – Section 265 (1)
Threaten to apply force to another person

Threat to Kill
Criminal Code – 264.1 (1)
Utter threats against the life, bodily harm, or property